Breach of Contract Attorney NYC

In New York City, contracts form the backbone of countless transactions, from
property deals to business partnerships, which is why a Breach of Contract Attorney
in NYC is necessary.

Empowering businesses, entrepreneurs, and individuals with trusted legal counsel since 1979.

Understanding Breach of Contract

A breach of contract is a legal term that describes the violation of a binding agreement or understanding between two or more parties. This breach can arise when one party does not uphold their end of the bargain, whether it’s by not performing a specific task, not meeting a predetermined deadline, or failing to deliver on a promised obligation. In New York City, contracts form the backbone of countless transactions, from real estate deals to corporate mergers. As such, any deviation from the agreed-upon terms can lead to substantial losses, strained business relationships, and potential legal disputes.

Contract Breaches and Types of Contract Breaches

Material Breach

This type of breach is significant and goes to the very essence of the contract. When a material breach occurs, the contract is essentially deemed “broken beyond repair.” Such breaches are so severe that the contract might as well have never existed. Often termed as “total breaches,” they result in noticeable financial damages or extreme inconvenience.

Fundamental Breach

When a fundamental breach takes place, the injured party has the right to claim damages and even nullify the contract if they wish. For a breach to be classified as fundamental, it must meet certain criteria:

  • Damages: The consequences of the breach should be tangible and verifiable. This includes financial setbacks, tarnished reputation, or the dissolution of a business alliance.
  • Breach: A breach should be evident and lead to considerable detriment.
  • Validity: For a contract to be susceptible to breach, it should be legitimate. This entails a distinct offer, acceptance, and a reference to “consideration” which outlines what each entity will provide in return for the other’s offerings.

Anticipatory Breach

This breach is unique as it pertains to a future failure. If one party foresees that the other won’t uphold their contractual obligations, they can take legal action even before the actual breach happens. Common instances of anticipatory breaches include outright refusals to perform contractual duties, unexpected events making contract fulfillment impossible, or in real estate, selling or transferring a property to someone other than the agreed-upon buyer.

Our Breach of Contract Services and Communication Approach

Leo Fraser Law boasts a deep understanding of contract law. With a background in business contracts in NYC and successfully representing clients in a wide array of breach of contract disputes, from straightforward cases to intricate multi-party conflicts. The firm’s expertise isn’t limited to contract law; it extends to labor, employment, and commercial law, ensuring comprehensive legal solutions for diverse challenges.

Recognizing the importance of effective communication, especially in breach of contract matters in NYC, the firm has adopted modern communication tools. Clients can easily connect through video calls, ensuring face-to-face interactions with attorneys regardless of their location. This adaptability in communication and a commitment to client convenience highlight the firm’s belief in accessible, transparent, and modernized legal services.

Breach of Contract NYC Damages and Mitigation

Damages serve as a remedy for the non-breaching party, aiming to compensate for the loss or harm suffered due to the breach. They are the legal system’s method of restoring balance when a contractual agreement is not honored. From general damages that address direct losses to consequential damages that address indirect repercussions, each type of damage has its distinct implications and applications.

The following breakdown explains the various facets of damages associated with breach of contract, offering clarity on their significance and impact.

General Damages

General damages refer to the direct losses suffered by the non-breaching party due to the breach of contract. These damages are the natural and foreseeable consequences of the breach and are intended to compensate the injured party for the loss directly caused by the breach.

Benefits of the Bargain and Expectation

This principle aims to put the non-breaching party in the position they would have been in had the contract been fully performed. It represents the difference between the value of the promised performance and the value of the actual performance.


The non-breaching party has a duty to mitigate, or minimize, their damages. This means they must take reasonable steps to reduce the harm or loss resulting from the breach. Failure to mitigate can reduce the amount of damages recoverable.

Reliance and Sunk Cost Damages

Reliance damages compensate the non-breaching party for expenses incurred in reliance on the promise of the other party. These damages aim to restore the injured party to the position they were in before the contract was formed.

Consequential Damages

Also known as special damages, consequential damages compensate for losses that are not a direct result of the breach but are a consequence of the breach. These damages must have been foreseeable at the time the contract was formed.

Punitive Damages

Punitive damages are awarded to punish the breaching party for particularly egregious behavior and to deter similar conduct in the future. In New York, punitive damages are rarely awarded in breach of contract cases unless there’s evidence of malicious intent or fraud.

Contractual Limitation of Damages

Parties can include clauses in their contract that limit or cap the amount of damages recoverable in the event of a breach. Such clauses are generally enforceable unless they are found to be unconscionable or against public policy.

Consequential Damage Waivers

These are clauses in a contract where parties agree to waive their right to recover consequential damages in the event of a breach. They are used to limit potential liability.

Liquidated Damages

Liquidated damages are a predetermined amount of money that parties agree upon as compensation in the event of a breach. For these clauses to be enforceable, the amount must be a reasonable estimate of the anticipated harm, and actual damages must be difficult to ascertain at the time the contract is formed.

Why Work With Leo Fraser Law for Contract Breaches in NYC

Determining the appropriate remedy for a breach requires a meticulous examination of each case’s unique circumstances. At Leo Fraser Law, we pride ourselves on our individualized approach to every contract breach scenario. Our expertise in contract interpretation is paramount, especially since many disputes arise from misinterpretations of the contract’s language.

There are instances where a party, due to misunderstandings, may not have fully grasped their contractual rights and obligations. In such situations, our goal is to remedy the breach while preserving valuable business relationships.

However, there are also clear-cut cases where a party has undeniably failed in their contractual duties, be it in delivering payments, materials, products, or adhering to stipulated time frames and quality standards.

Even breaches related to specific contract clauses, like noncompete agreements, fall within our purview. With Leo Fraser Law by your side, you’re equipped with a dedicated partner to navigate these challenges, ensuring that your rights and interests are always protected.